Stroke patients who stopped taking statin drugs three to six months after a first ischaemic stroke had a higher risk of a having another stroke within a year, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association.
Researchers also found that discontinuing statin drugs, which lower cholesterol, between three and six months after a first ischaemic stroke was linked to higher risk of death and hospitalisation among the patients in the study.
Researchers studied people who had been hospitalised with stroke. All the participants received either high or moderate intensity statins within three months after they left the hospital. Compared to people who continued taking statins throughout the one-year follow-up period the risk of having another stroke increased 42% for patients who stopped taking statins, there was no additional risk of having another stroke or death for patients who continued taking statins at a decreased dose, and the risk of death from any cause increased 37% after discontinuing statins.
“Based on our findings of this large group of patients in the “real world,” we believe that statins should be a lifelong therapy for ischaemic stroke patients if a statin is needed to lower the patient’s cholesterol,” said Meng Lee, lead author of the study and assistant professor of the Department of Neurology at Chang Gung University College of Medicine in Taiwan.
Researchers used medical data collected by the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, which covers 99% of the population. The study population included 45,151 ischaemic stroke patients between 2001 and 2012 who were prescribed a statin within 90 days after leaving the hospital. The study period included the three to six months following discharge, during which time 3,175 (7%) patients were on reduced statin therapy and 8,353 (18.5%) were not on any statin therapy.
The study was retrospective so the researchers cannot determine why some stroke patients stopped taking statins.
However, Lee said recommendations by the Taiwan National Health Bureau to stop or reduce statins in stroke patients once the level of LDL-cholesterol is less than 100mg/dl or total cholesterol of less than 160mg/dl were achieved may have led to the discontinuation of statins for some of the patients in the study. Affordability of the medications was likely not a factor because the national health insurance in Taiwan covers all medication costs for eligible patients.
The American Heart Association recommends intensive statin therapy for patients who have had an ischaemic stroke or TIA and who have an LDL-cholesterol level of more than 100mg/dL, but does not recommend stopping statins based on achieving a specific LDL-cholesterol level in most people depending on individual risk.
Although the study was comprised entirely of patients from Taiwan, Lee said the results should be applicable to patients in other countries.
“Discontinuation of statin treatment in patients with ischaemic stroke should be strongly discouraged in any stage, acute or chronic, of stroke,” Lee said. “Shifting to low-intensity statin therapy could be an alternative for stroke patients not able to tolerate moderate or high intensity statin therapy in the years following a stroke.”